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Title Productivity, Exporting and the Learning-by-Exporting Hypothesis: Direct Evidence from UK Firms
Author Gustavo Crespi, Chiara Criscuolo, Jonathan Haskel
Year 2006
Abstract Case study evidence suggests that exporting firms learn from their clients. But econometric evidence, mostly using exporting and productivity growth, is mixed. We use a UK panel data set with firm-level information on exporting and productivity. Our innovation is that we also have direct data on the sources of learning, including learning from clients. We have three main findings. First, we find firms who exported in the past are then more likely to learn from clients (relative to learning from other sources), in line with the learning-by-exporting view. Second, firms who learned (relatively more) from clients in the past are then more likely to have productivity growth. Third, firms who learned (relatively more) from clients in the past are not then more likely to export, suggesting that pre-exporting sorting is not correlated with learning. This suggests some support for the learning-by-exporting hypothesis, though it is not clear whether firms deserve an exporting subsidy.
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Topic revision: r2 - 23 Jan 2007, ChiaraCriscuolo

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